Evidence briefs

8 results
Recommendations
  • Explicit inclusion of people with psychosocial disability in all national policies and programmes on disability within the UNCRPD framework.
  • Address workplace stigma and discrimination around people with psychosocial disability using social contact interventions.
  • Affirmative action such as workplace reasonable accommodation should be individualised based on the needs of people with psychosocial disability.
  • People with psychosocial disability should have access to effective and affordable mental health services. Multi-stakeholders should co-ordinate their efforts to support people with psychosocial disability in employment opportunities.
  • Allocate funding to implement Supported employment (SE), particularly ‘Individual Placement and Support’ (IPS), for people with psychosocial disability.
  • Further develop the evidence base to inform and guide policymaking.

How can health and social care services promote the safety and well-being of people with intellectual disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic in LMICs?

Globally, there are 108 million people living with intellectual and development disabilities (IDD). Evidence repeatedly shows that people with IDD are more likely to experience co-morbidities, yet tend to face several barriers to access health care services. This has resulted in a widespread health inequality, with evidence from high-income countries indicating that people with IDD live on average 20 years less compared to those without intellectual disabilities. It is clear that people with IDD are also at substantially higher mortality risk from COVID-19, particularly people with Down Syndrome. The global COVID-19 pandemic has also contributed to further challenges to the physical and mental well-being among people with IDD as well as people with disabilities in general. In this brief, we have summarised the current evidence on strategies that would facilitate the safety and well-being of people with IDD.

  • Health
  • Livelihood & Social Protection
  • COVID-19
SignificanceFeasibilityApplicabilityEquity
Recommendations
  • People with IDD should be prioritised for COVID-19 vaccination, in particular people with Down Syndrome.
  • Vaccine promotion campaigns for people with IDD should be inclusive, person-centred, and focussed
  • Reasonable adjustments should be made to clinical policies and practices to ensure equity of access and provision for people with IDD
  • Robust behaviour support response plan should be put in place for people with IDD, particularly those with behaviours of concern
  • Strengthen data collection to assess the impact of COVID-19 on people with IDD as well as their caregivers
  • Take a collaborative approach including people with IDD and civil society organisations to inform all policies and programmes that facilitate their safety and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic

Remaining questions

There are no remaining questions related to this theme