Evidence briefs

7 results

¿Cómo apoyar la salud mental y el bienestar durante la pandemia del COVID-19?

La pregunta y el problema

Los síntomas de una salud mental insuficiente son comunes durante un brote generalizado de una enfermedad infecciosa. En epidemias recientes como la crisis el Ébola y del SARS-CoV-1 se han reportado altos casos de depresión, ansiedad y de trastorno de estrés post-traumático (TEPT). Los síntomas elevados de una mala salud mental no están limitados a pacientes, sino que también son vistos en trabajadores de la salud, familiares y en la población en general. Los primeros indicios de evidencia provenientes de la pandemia del Covid-19 demuestran altos índices de una salud mental insuficiente y por lo tanto, la necesidad de proveer un servicio de salud mental. Este Informe de Evidencia resume la evidencia sobre apoyo a la salud mental durante la Covid-19 y otras pandemias recientes, informando sobre las normas y prácticas durante esta crisis.

  • Health
  • COVID-19
SignificanceFeasibilityApplicabilityEquity
Recommendations
  • Recomendación #1: Un enfoque multisectorial es necesario para afrontar los problemas de salud mental
  • Recomendación #2: La provisión de servicio debe ser sostenible y realizable.
  • Recomendación #3: Las intervenciones deben de ajustarse a la situación actual basándose en la evidencia existente y evaluando enfoques innovadores.
  • Recomendación #4: Más investigación es requerida para identificar cuál la provisión de servicios más adecuada y eficaz.
  • Recomendación #5: Fortalecer las estrategias de comunicación y la entrega de información para apoyar el bienestar de todos.

How can we ensure the safety and wellbeing of children with disabilities during humanitarian crises?

The United Nations estimates that nearly 79 million people around the world have been displaced from their homes as a result of humanitarian crises since 2018 (e.g., disaster, war, political unrest). Approximately 40% of those displaced are children. Among this group, children with disabilities are especially susceptible to the increased risk of violence, neglect, and long-term psychosocial distress during humanitarian crises. Unreliable and limited scoping, research, inadequate priority-setting and varying definitions of disability for this vulnerable group make it challenging to ascertain the exact proportion of children with disabilities among the world’s refugee population. Methods to ensure the safety and wellbeing of children with disabilities during humanitarian crises is paramount to enhancing post-crisis recovery, development and capacity-building for future resilience. Growing evidence highlights that investing in inclusive child protection mechanisms, educational and disaster risk reduction programmes is key to improving health and social outcomes for children with disabilities during humanitarian crises.

  • Health
  • Cross-cutting
SignificanceFeasibilityApplicabilityEquity
Recommendations
  • Recommendation #1: Improve data collection & registration for children with disabilities in humanitarian settings
  • Recommendation #2: Incorporate an inclusive & multi-faceted MHPSS approach to support a continuum of wellbeing
  • Recommendation #3: Actively encourage the contribution of children with disabilities towards disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction & child protection mechanisms
  • Recommendation #4: Improve coordination and planning to improve access to basic needs & safety
  • Recommendation #5: Strengthen education in emergency settings for children with disabilities to better cope and respond to crises

Remaining questions

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