Disability and social protection programmes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Peer-reviewed article
(2016 Feb) Oxford Development Studies, 45 223-239


Lena Morgon Banks, Rachel Mearkle, Islay Mactaggart, Matthew Walsham, Hannah Kuper & Karl Blanchet


This paper systematically reviews the evidence on whether persons with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries are adequately included in social protection programmes, and assesses the financial and non-financial impacts of participation. Overall, we found that access to social protection appears to fall far below need. Benefits from participation are mostly limited to maintaining minimum living standards and do not appear to fulfil the potential of long-term individual and societal social and economic development. However, the most notable finding of this review is that there is a dearth of high-quality, robust evidence in this area, indicating a need for further research.

Keywords: Disability, social protection, social assistance, insurance, vulnerability

Livelihood & Social Protection