34 results

What works to eliminate stigma as a barrier to educational outcomes for children and youth with disabilities?

Education
Stigma
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Active involvement of children and youth with disabilities and caregivers in the development, delivery and testing of stigma-reduction interventions
Multi-level and evidence-based stigma-reduction interventions in LMIC addressing a wide variety of stigma need to be developed.
Stronger evaluation of promising multi-level stigma-reduction interventions adapted towards children and youth with disabilities in LMICs.
Educators to be trained in the detection and delivery of appropriate stigma-reduction intervention strategies for children and youth with disabilities.

How can we improve the oral health of people with intellectual disabilities in low-resource settings?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Improve the training of health professionals about the needs of people with Intellectual Disabilities regarding their oral care specificities
Involvement of people with Intellectual Disabilities and caregivers in the oral care delivery process
Promote, where possible, the independence of people with Intellectual Disabilities in performing their oral hygiene
Development of tailor-made dental care accommodations that meet the needs of this population

How does assistive technology benefit people with disabilities on their path to and in employment?

Livelihood & Social Protection
Cross-cutting
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Provide alternative basic and inexpensive computer interfaces
Increase and provide comprehensive training in the use of assistive technology from a younger age
Along with the provision of assistive technology, provide associated services to prevent its abandonment
Ensure that people with disabilities have access to the same assistive technology in the home as they would in the workplace during remote working as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic
Provide training for the colleagues of assistive technology users to ensure awareness and a supportive work environment

What are the most effective strategies for preventing visual impairment among older people in Africa?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Countries to conduct in-depth, population -based surveys and dialogues to understand the context specific barriers, challenges, and inform plans
Early targeting of girls and young women addressing gender specific factors contributing to visual impairment
African countries to carry out mass media and community level awareness campaigns targeting mainly rural communities about visual impairment.
Integration of eye health services in primary health care, for increasing access, affordability, and availability of services
Human resources for health – training, deployment and equipping of eye specialists and support especially rural communities.

What is the evidence for utilising community resources to detect and support children with disabilities?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Integrate disability into childhood services that is inclusive of different sectors e.g. education
Expand access to therapy and intervention service resources in communities
Develop and validate appropriate screening tools for disabilities in LMICs
Developmental surveillance in children should be routine, regular and early
Engage families and non-specialist community resources to improve awareness and identify, support and promote acceptance for children with disabilities

What is the current evidence on promoting employment for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities?

Livelihood & Social Protection
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Provide training on inclusive employment practices to employers and co-workers to ensure that people with IDD experience supportive working environments.
Evaluate the fit of the individual to the job position as well as customise the job description to promote better mental health of the individual.
Interventions need to be adequately adapted to the realities of persons with intellectual disabilities
Increase knowledge and awareness about assistive products and technology and the need thereof for people with IDD.
A multi-sectoral approach e.g. job coaches, co-workers, managers, and families are needed to create more work participation and promote supported employment.

What works to improve healthcare professionals’ competency on disability?

Health
Stigma
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Identify potential barriers and enablers to healthcare professionals’ knowledge updating and skill training
Ensure continuous knowledge and skill updating on the issue of disability, especially for those working in primary healthcare centres.
Implement immersive learning for healthcare professionals with people with disabilities, caregivers, and representing organisations.
Introduction to concepts of disability should be part of the health professional training curricula.
Future research should focus on the long-term outcome of knowledge and skills intervention.

How can we promote the effective implementation of Legal Capacity as outlined in Article 12 of the UN CRPD in LMICs?

Cross-cutting
Health
Livelihood & Social Protection
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Promote law reforms that recognize and regulate the legal capacity of persons with disabilities, in accordance with the “standards” of the CRPD
Train public officers in the use of CRPD “standards” or guidelines
Provide alternative support approaches that engage with social services and community mental health services
Monitor and report on the experiences of support and implementation promoted by state funded initiatives and civil society funded initiatives, irrespective of their size and scope
Monitor and report on the implementation of the reforms
Raise awareness about the importance of legal capacity with different key actors for the Reform

How can we promote access to assistive technology for individuals with disabilities in Low- and Middle-Income Settings

Health
Livelihood & Social Protection
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Increase awareness about assistive technology and service delivery methods, especially among people with disabilities and their families.
Integrate assistive technology services into the universal health system
Provide client-centred services and assistive technology.
Set up robust training and assessment for assistive technology service providers.
Provide adequate financial support to enhance affordability.
Remove barriers and provide individual support for assistive technology use.
Set up effective collaboration among stakeholders of assistive technology.

How is the sexual health of men and women with physical disabilities in low- and middle- income countries promoted?

Health
Stigma
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Negative attitudes towards the sexuality of physically disabled people need to be addressed.
Educate physically disabled people on sexuality issues and rights.
Include physically disabled people in development of sexual health services and policies.
Train health workers to provide relevant and inclusive sexual healthcare and information to physically disabled people
Sexual healthcare buildings and services to be accessible for all.