22 results

How can we improve the oral health of people with intellectual disabilities in low-resource settings?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Improve the training of health professionals about the needs of people with Intellectual Disabilities regarding their oral care specificities
Involvement of people with Intellectual Disabilities and caregivers in the oral care delivery process
Promote, where possible, the independence of people with Intellectual Disabilities in performing their oral hygiene
Development of tailor-made dental care accommodations that meet the needs of this population

What are the most effective strategies for preventing visual impairment among older people in Africa?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Countries to conduct in-depth, population -based surveys and dialogues to understand the context specific barriers, challenges, and inform plans
Early targeting of girls and young women addressing gender specific factors contributing to visual impairment
African countries to carry out mass media and community level awareness campaigns targeting mainly rural communities about visual impairment.
Integration of eye health services in primary health care, for increasing access, affordability, and availability of services
Human resources for health – training, deployment and equipping of eye specialists and support especially rural communities.

What is the evidence for utilising community resources to detect and support children with disabilities?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Integrate disability into childhood services that is inclusive of different sectors e.g. education
Expand access to therapy and intervention service resources in communities
Develop and validate appropriate screening tools for disabilities in LMICs
Developmental surveillance in children should be routine, regular and early
Engage families and non-specialist community resources to improve awareness and identify, support and promote acceptance for children with disabilities

What works to improve healthcare professionals’ competency on disability?

Health
Stigma
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Identify potential barriers and enablers to healthcare professionals’ knowledge updating and skill training
Ensure continuous knowledge and skill updating on the issue of disability, especially for those working in primary healthcare centres.
Implement immersive learning for healthcare professionals with people with disabilities, caregivers, and representing organisations.
Introduction to concepts of disability should be part of the health professional training curricula.
Future research should focus on the long-term outcome of knowledge and skills intervention.

How can we promote the effective implementation of Legal Capacity as outlined in Article 12 of the UN CRPD in LMICs?

Cross-cutting
Health
Livelihood & Social Protection
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Promote law reforms that recognize and regulate the legal capacity of persons with disabilities, in accordance with the “standards” of the CRPD
Train public officers in the use of CRPD “standards” or guidelines
Provide alternative support approaches that engage with social services and community mental health services
Monitor and report on the experiences of support and implementation promoted by state funded initiatives and civil society funded initiatives, irrespective of their size and scope
Monitor and report on the implementation of the reforms
Raise awareness about the importance of legal capacity with different key actors for the Reform

How can we promote access to assistive technology for individuals with disabilities in Low- and Middle-Income Settings

Health
Livelihood & Social Protection
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Increase awareness about assistive technology and service delivery methods, especially among people with disabilities and their families.
Integrate assistive technology services into the universal health system
Provide client-centred services and assistive technology.
Set up robust training and assessment for assistive technology service providers.
Provide adequate financial support to enhance affordability.
Remove barriers and provide individual support for assistive technology use.
Set up effective collaboration among stakeholders of assistive technology.

How is the sexual health of men and women with physical disabilities in low- and middle- income countries promoted?

Health
Stigma
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Negative attitudes towards the sexuality of physically disabled people need to be addressed.
Educate physically disabled people on sexuality issues and rights.
Include physically disabled people in development of sexual health services and policies.
Train health workers to provide relevant and inclusive sexual healthcare and information to physically disabled people
Sexual healthcare buildings and services to be accessible for all.

How can health and social care services promote the safety and well-being of people with intellectual disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic in LMICs?

Health
Livelihood & Social Protection
COVID-19
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
People with IDD should be prioritised for COVID-19 vaccination, in particular people with Down Syndrome.
Vaccine promotion campaigns for people with IDD should be inclusive, person-centred, and focussed
Reasonable adjustments should be made to clinical policies and practices to ensure equity of access and provision for people with IDD
Robust behaviour support response plan should be put in place for people with IDD, particularly those with behaviours of concern
Strengthen data collection to assess the impact of COVID-19 on people with IDD as well as their caregivers
Take a collaborative approach including people with IDD and civil society organisations to inform all policies and programmes that facilitate their safety and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic

How can access to mental health services be improved for people with disabilities?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Integrate disability inclusion into mental health care systems and interventions
Provide reasonable accommodations so that mental health services and interventions are accessible to people with disabilities
Train mental health care workers to deliver services for people with disabilities.
Improve the identification of mental health difficulties among people with disabilities
Engage people with disabilities in the design and implementation of mental health policies and services.
Conduct research on ‘what works’ to promote access to mental health services

What works to improve mental health for parents of children with disabilities?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Focus on increasing access to training interventions to alleviate psychological stress in carers.
Provide better access to respite care to reduce the burden on family members as well as acute services as the only source of meaningful support.
Develop contextually-appropriate and culturally-sensitive interventions that take account of the carers’ socio-economic settings.
Train local community workers and other parents with children with disabilities using community resources to provide parent training and support interventions.
Focus on developing a good quality evidence base from LMICs to determine what works to improve the mental health outcomes of carers of children with disabilities.