Employment Supports for Adults With Disabilities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Campbell Systematic Review

Peer-reviewed article
(2017 Jul) Research on Social Work Practice, 29 243-255


Janice Tripney, Nina Hogrebe, Elena Schmidt, Carol Vigurs, Ruth Stewart



To identify, appraise, and synthesize studies of interventions to improve labor market outcomes of adults in developing countries with physical and/or sensory disabilities.


Systematic review methods, following Campbell Collaboration guidelines, were utilized. A comprehensive search was used to identify relevant studies published between 1990 and 2013, which were graded for study quality and a narrative approach used to synthesize the research evidence.


Fourteen studies covering a wide range of interventions met the inclusion criteria. Although individual studies reported improvements in outcomes, heterogeneity was high and studies were generally of poor methodological quality.


There is a lack of high-quality research evidence to inform decision-making in this area. Stakeholders should be cautious when interpreting the results of the current evidence base.

Livelihood & Social Protection