17 results

How do we ensure that children with disabilities are not bullied in school?

Stigma
Education
Recommendations
Inclusive education settings need universal interventions.
Schools for children with disabilities can include targeted prevention interventions to reduce perpetration and victimisation.
Educators need capacity development in order to help prevent and respond to bullying.
Interventions need to be multicomponent and address the systemic roots of victimisation.

How do we improve access to healthcare for people with disabilities?

Health
Recommendations
Train generalist healthcare workers to provide healthcare to people with disabilities.
Train nurses or community health workers to provide specialist knowledge concerning disability within general healthcare settings.
Deliver preventative health checks for people with disabilities
Deliver anti-stigma interventions for mainstream healthcare workers.
Reasonable accommodations need to be made to make healthcare accessible to people with disabilities.
Coordinated care and multi-sectoral coordination of care for people with disabilities seems to have positive effects, but models which work in LMIC need to be explored

How can we measure disability in research related to the COVID-19 response?

COVID-19
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Use the Washington Group Enhanced Short Set (WGES), supplemented by other tools as relevant
Dedicate sufficient resources to translation and training
Follow guidance to analyse, disaggregate, interpret and present data
Where insufficient resources exist to embed the WGES, consider alternatives but invest in pilot testing first
Include assessment of impairments or health conditions depending on the research question and resource availability
Invest in further research to strengthen identification tools for people with disabilities

What evidence is there for the benefits of inclusive education for children without disabilities?

Education
Recommendations
Ministries of Education should be responsible for the education of all children and inclusive education reform
Raise community awareness of benefits for students without disabilities
Teachers in LMICs need to receive training in special needs education including the benefits inclusive education can bring to students without disabilities
More evidence is needed to understand what impact inclusive education can have on children without disabilities socially and academically in LMICs

What works to improve educational outcomes of children with disabilities in school?

Education
Recommendations
More evidence is needed if we are to understand how, and for whom, inclusive education works in LMIC, particularly in relation to academic achievement.
More evidence is needed regarding educational outcomes of children with disabilities in response to various interventions, as these are seldom measured in LMIC.
Integrating best practices from rehabilitation and special education needs to be facilitated in low-resource settings.
We need to involve parents in educational interventions.

What are the most effective strategies for strengthening health systems for disability inclusive development?

Health
Equity Depth Local Relevance Feasibility
Recommendations
Disaggregate evidence on what works in health system strengthening by disability status
Produce more rigorous evidence on what works in strengthening disability-focused services
Integrate relevant CBR activities, and Rehabilitation Services into general health policy and sector strengthening activities
Involve people with disabilities in participatory governance of health systems at all levels

How can social protection responses to COVID-19 be made disability inclusive?

Livelihood & Social Protection
COVID-19
Recommendations
Eligibility criteria should be reviewed to avoid the widespread exclusion of people with disabilities in need of support during COVID-19.
Application procedures and facilities for social protection and relief interventions must be accessible to people with all types of disabilities.
Mechanisms for delivering social protection and other must be accessible and support the agency of people with disabilities
The content of COVID-19 economic responses must be relevant to people with disabilities and adequate to meet their needs.
Social protection should be coordinated with other sectors and actors to develop complementary interventions